Georgia’s 2019 NAEP, Part V: Eighth Grade Reading, Ethnic and Gender, Grades and Gaps

Students identified as Asians as part of a group, and as a single group has led the nation in Reading on the National Assessment of Education Progress (NAEP) results since 2009. In 2019 notwithstanding their level of academic leadership, more than 85 percent of Georgia Eighth-Grade Asian students were left behind in Reading.

This post is Part Five of five posts addressing the Georgia 2019 NAEP assessments. Use the following links for Part One The Corrected and Upgraded Edition, Part Two, Part Three, and Part Four.

Conventions used throughout the post:

Ethnic groups and genders are listed by demonstrated NAEP academic performance results, from the highest to the lowest-achieving group.

All reported NAEP scaled scores are mathematically converted to their 0-to-100 scale conventional classroom equivalents using a process described as calculating the Percent of a Perfect Score (PPS) and referred to as Grades. All Grades rounded to the nearest whole number. All performance level descriptors (grades) are adjusted to whole numbers to show partition. Percentages are rounded to the nearest whole number and may not equal 100 percent due to rounding.

 

Georgia’s 2019 Eighth Grade Reading by Race/Ethnicity and Gender using 2011 guidelines, as school-reported

Georgia Students Identified as Asian

 Average Reading Grades:

  • Georgia, 57
  • National, 57

Percentage by Performance Level:

  • Below Basic (0 to 48) Grades, 12 percent
  • Basic (49 to 56) Grades, 30 percent
  • Proficient (57 to 64) Grades, 44 percent
  • Advanced (65 to 100) Grades, 15 percent

Average Grade by Percentile:

  • The tenth, 48
  • The twenty-fifth, 53
  • The fiftieth, 58
  • The seventy-fifth, 62
  • The ninetieth, 66

 Summary: more than 85 percent of Georgia’s Eighth Grade Students identified as Asian left behind in Reading.

 

Georgia Students Identified as Two or more races

Average Reading Grades:

  • Georgia, 55
  • National, 55

Percentage by Performance Level:

  • Below Basic (0 to 48) Grades, 14 percent
  • Basic (49 to 56) Grades, 37 percent
  • Proficient (57 to 64) Grades, 43 percent
  • Advanced (65 to 100) Grades, 6 percent

 Average Grade by Percentile:

  • The tenth, 47
  • The twenty-fifth, 52
  • The fiftieth, 56
  • The seventy-fifth, 60
  • The ninetieth, 63

Summary: More than 94 percent of Georgia’s Eighth Grade Students identified as Two or more races left behind in Reading.

 

Georgia Students Identified as White

Average Reading Grades:

  • Georgia, 54
  • National, 54

Percentage by Performance Level:

  • Below Basic (0 to 48) Grades, 18 percent
  • Basic (49 to 56) Grades, 38 percent
  • Proficient (57 to 64) Grades, 38 percent
  • Advanced (65 to 100) Grades, 5 percent

Average Grade by Percentile:

  • The tenth, 45
  • The twenty-fifth, 50
  • The fiftieth, 55
  • The seventy-fifth, 59
  • The ninetieth, 62

Summary: more than 95 percent of Georgia’s Eighth Grade Students identified as White left behind in Reading.

 

Georgia Students Identified as Female

Average Reading Grades:

  • Georgia, 54
  • National, 53

Percentage by Performance Level:

  • Below Basic (0 to 48) Grades, 22 percent
  • Basic (49 to 56) Grades, 39 percent
  • Proficient (57 to 64) Grades, 34 percent
  • Advanced (65 to 100) Grades, 5 percent

Average Grade by Percentile:

  • The tenth, 45
  • The twenty-fifth, 49
  • The fiftieth, 54
  • The seventy-fifth, 59
  • The ninetieth, 62

Summary: more than 95 percent of Georgia Eighth Grade Students identified as Female left behind in Reading.

 

Georgia Students Identified as Male

Average Reading Grades:

  • Georgia, 51
  • National, 52

 Percentage by Performance Level:

  • Below Basic (0 to 48) Grades, 34 percent
  • Basic (49 to 56) Grades, 40 percent
  • Proficient (57 to 64) Grades, 24 percent
  • Advanced (65 to 100) Grades, 2 percent

Average Grade by Percentile:

  • The tenth, 41
  • The twenty-fifth, 46
  • The fiftieth, 52
  • The seventy-fifth, 56
  • The ninetieth, 60

Summary: more than 97 percent of Georgia Eighth Grade Students identified as left Male behind in Reading.

 

Georgia Students Identified as Hispanic

Average Reading Grades:

  • Georgia, 51
  • National, 50

Percentage by Performance Level:

  • Below Basic (0 to 48) Grades, 33 percent
  • Basic (49 to 56) Grades, 42 percent
  • Proficient (57 to 64) Grades, 24 percent
  • Advanced (65 to 100) Grades, 2 percent

Average Grade by Percentile:

  • The tenth, 41
  • The twenty-fifth, 47
  • The fiftieth, 52
  • The seventy-fifth, 56
  • The ninetieth, 60

Summary: more than 98 percent of Georgia’s Eighth Grade Students identified as Hispanic left behind in Reading.

 

Georgia Students Identified as Black

Average Reading Grades:

  • Georgia, 50
  • National, 49

Percentage by Performance Level:

  • Below Basic (0 to 48) Grades, 41 percent
  • Basic (49 to 56) Grades, 41 percent
  • Proficient (57 to 64) Grades, 17 percent
  • Advanced (65 to 100) Grades, 1 percent

Average Grade by Percentile:

  • The tenth, 41
  • The twenty-fifth, 45
  • The fiftieth, 50
  • The seventy-fifth, 55
  • The ninetieth, 58

Summary; more than 98 percent of Georgia Eighth Grade Students identified as Black left behind in Reading.

 

TABLE 1: Georgia Eighth Grade Reading Gaps by Identified Ethnicity and Gender. In Descending Order and Difference.

Students Identified as GRADE GAP Difference from Asian Students
Asian 57  
Two or more races 55 2
White 54 3
Female 54 3
National All students 53 4
Georgia All students 52 5
Hispanic 51 6
Male 51 6
Black 50 7*

* Table 1: shows the NAEP difference between Asian and Black student results when viewed as PPS equivalent traditional grade values as 7 points.

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METHODOLOGY

All NAEP scaled scores are calculated as a percent of a perfect score (equivalent to grades on the zero-to-100 scale) and rounded to the nearest whole number. Example: a 246.28 NAEP scale score reported as a 246 calculated as a percent of a perfect score is a 49. Except for NAEP scale scores showing exit and entry points between proficiency levels, which are adjusted up or down to the nearest whole number delineating performance levels. Due to the rounding of published NAEP scaled scores, the estimated margin of error is a possible plus or minus two NAEP scale points. As a percent of a perfect score, the estimated margin of error is less than one-half of a grade point difference.

LINKS AND LIST OF TABLES USED:

Part 1: https://theafterclap.com/2019/11/02/georgias-2019-naep-performance-as-grades-part-1-01-the-corrected-and-upgraded-edition/

Part 2: https://theafterclap.com/2019/11/22/georgias-2019-naep-ethnic-and-gender-fourth-grade-math-performance-as-grades-part-2/

Part 3: https://theafterclap.com/2019/12/03/georgias-2019-naep-ethnic-and-gender-eighth-grade-math-performance-as-grades-part-3/

Part 4: https://theafterclap.com/2020/05/06/georgias-2019-naep-part-iv-fourth-grade-reading-ethnic-and-gender-grades-and-gaps/

NAEP Data Explorer Reports https://www.nationsreportcard.gov/ndecore/xplore/NDE:

> Average scale scores and percentages at each achievement level for grade 8 reading, by race/ethnicity using 2011 guidelines, school-reported [SRACE10] and jurisdiction: 2019

> Average scale scores and percentages at each achievement level for grade 8 reading, by all students [TOTAL] and jurisdiction: 2019

> Average scale scores and percentages at each achievement level for grade 8 reading, by Gender [GENDER] and jurisdiction: 2019

> Average scale scores and percentile scores for grade 8 reading, by race/ethnicity using 2011 guidelines, school-reported [SRACE10] and jurisdiction: 2019

> Average scale scores and percentile scores for grade 8 reading, by Gender [GENDER] and jurisdiction: 2019

> Average scale scores and percentile scores for grade 8 reading, by all students [TOTAL] and jurisdiction: 2019

 

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